Internet in India is STILL 10 years back
The future of internet is in peoples hand not Governments and gov. officials etc
My guru the father of internet, Google advisor and my next generation internet to world
Vinton Gray “Vint” Cerf is an American computer scientist, who is recognized as one of “the fathers of the Internet”
jon postal
Jonathan Bruce Postel ( August 6, 1943 – October 16, 1998) was an American computer scientist who made many significant contributions to the development of the Internet, particularly with respect to standards. He is known principally for being the Editor of the Request for Comment (RFC) document series, and for administering the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) until his death.
india 1st ISOC charter is fro
India’s 1st internet AP ISOC charter launch in jubilee hall when Chandra babu naidu is CM. Joel maloff – Internet and VOIP specialist .

Inter intelligent process net ver 4c Dedicated to Father of

Internet Dr Vint Cerf

Version 1.0 Created on  :  June 2002

Version  4.0B  Created between : 2003 and 2004.

Review : Every time you share your  thoughts and your Mind  is Thinking.

Author and CVO: K.S.Raju,  ksraju@humancommerce.com .

       “ A DREAM IS A DREAM WHICH SHOULD NOT BECOME ANOTHER DREAM  “

” Every human Being Is God’s Gifted person we must respect them “

” we are frogs in well –  the knowledge is not Well the Knowledge is connection, collaboration , sharing of  open rivers of the world knowledge  which flows into 7 seas of 7 continents of the world  or Earth  with common goal “

   Inter intelligent knowledge process net   and    intelligent Knowledge Commerce  model

This is my vision and idea to create the next generation network to serve people based on their individual customized requirements. I feel Business or Individual success; Survival and Struggle for Existence can be addressed as   ” Individual Knowledge business ” for Individual’s and ” Group of Knowledge business “ for corporate. This depends upon How Intelligently People  ” Commerce their Knowledge ”  with different types of Management strategies, Ideas, thoughts, Plans, Focuses etc.

Many Important things are happening world wide, the businesses are changing their strategies, their approach plans for sustainable and stable growth.. Now people are thinking about ” Collaborative Partners ” etc. Now the companies are Improving productivity and results by better Utilization of Internal Knowledge resources and Incorporating external Knowledge / Information resources of the companies who are in the same field. The key to success of the companies in next coming years, the better  “Domain Knowledge people ” in their operations. This will be the asset of the company. The company which controls Knowledge people will dominate and dictate the terms in the field. An Important statistics most of the companies took averagely 25 years to reach the ” GLOBAL 500 COMPANY ” club. This has almost become a benchmark. Then again the wealth created by these companies goes down and again goes up. This is part of the cycle. The key to success of global companies and Economy is the Individual Human talent / knowledge are respected and opportunities are provided to them to generate maximum productivity and results.

The key to success of any Enterprise is ” HUMAN INTELLIGENT KNOWLEDGE ” Technology collaboration network.  This will become success only When every one builds “INTELEGENT KNOWLEDGE TRUST NETWORKS” both internally and externally. The Knowledge gained our period to run the operations by various Knowledge people should be recorded such that, that can be reused even if the Knowledge people leave the organization.

A part from this , through collaboration of the people will also give Better, Best Ideas and approaches to incorporate in the operations.

There is lots of difference ” I” and ” WE” and ” UNIQUE” companies models.   Business is  ” Teams Knowledge + Information + Communication “.  Where in we Incorporate I.T and Technologies as one of the vehicles to drive the Business. The companies who have control on their customers Knowledge, Suppliers Knowledge, Market trends Knowledge and Competitors Knowledge and Best Ideas to promote their business goals will lead the market.

In  HCN’s  model concept  of  h-commerce , We make net to think and act  – Creating a next generation Inter networks  vehicle to generate and communicate Intelligent Knowledge information based on Individual / Corporate requirements. This will address all issues to provide “ On requirements to  businesses  and individuals “.  

This is the next big thing the world must plan to role out .  It will take around 5 to 10 years for this type of Environment to serve the ” Global Communities ” around us. This is the key to create ” Knowledge Societies “, where in they will also involve in the cycle to make things happen at faster face. Global companies must become “ TECHNO INVENTORERS & INTELEGENT “ Companies. In a way Internet changed world of Business, Individual growth, Economies etc.

Now time has come for global Visionaries, Tech community, Inventors, to create the next Technology revolution to create h- commerce or K- commerce and next generation Net (Intelligent Knowledge Net ). We have seen various revolutions (Industrial, Mechanical, Electronics, I.T etc.) from various parts of the world. The biggest Resource is Human Knowledge capital. With these resource we must create “ Knowledge Grid “ to serve the world.

The Global economical success of developed countries is, it produces largest number of Ph.D’s and Nobel Prize winners . Here the opportunities are created.  The Key to success of the company and growth is to Create ” Opportunity to every team member to excel ” and position the company as ” Opportunity company or knowledge company or self respected ” company. As is in process the partners (sales and Customers) and Investors will look into the company for their Involvement on the basis of trust, Contribution and Collaboration. This can be done by Human contacts through Collaboration Network between the targeted groups  in the over all process.

The new Architecture  Model:

As part of the model  the over all  Internet + Tele Architecture is defined as three layer model.  Each layer will have well -defined Intelligent roles and well defined Intelligent  interfaces  to create customized building blocks.

Layer 2 :  Intelegent Knowledge web Infrastructure / Architecture : Knowledge banks , Customized applications , Collaboration management systems , customized billing systems etx.

Layer 1 :  Intelligent Knowledge Networks or  NGN’s  Infrastructure / Architecture : Customized tel’s , Customized end to end Integrated networks , Process service’s , Knowledge based customized  Integrated   VOICE+ MMS services etc.

Layer 0 : Intelligent Knowledge Net work  Architecture :  Intelligent protocols , Intelligent transmission control protocols , Multi  layer protocol Networks integration , Multi media , Process and Access transport  network  etc.

Rather defining it is as inter net work or tele net works  we call this as “ inter intelligent knowledge process net “

Layer 2 Business or application  model :  Intelligent knowledge banks or  IK WEB’s.

Today the companies must position themselves as  ” Customized solution, Product and service” OR   “ Intelligent Knowledge Process Service “ providers. Knowledge creates wealth. Wealth creates the Knowledge. This can be achieved by Trusted bonded network between the people who are involved in the in over all business cycle of any company or institution. This will also involve social -, economical, conditions and Policies dictated by the Governments and societies around, which are nothing but Individual human beings. The collaborative thinking and open individual thinking, Thinking commerce or Knowledge Commerce or h- commerce plays major role.

We are not Owners of our Knowledge, We are trustees of our knowledge which should be trusted by us / others and shared with trust. This makes us to move a head. The Key case study is nothing but the expansion of  ” Internet “ network worldwide. Now we have to think about  ” Inter Intelligent Knowledge process Net’s “ Internally, Externally, Locally, Globally to create better society.  Ideas and Thinking benefit society. Knowledge is beautiful and should be enjoyed with happiness.

We can’t predict ideas. When predicted it should be Collaborated.  This will lead to discoverers and discoveries. Where in Technologies drive discoveries. Discoveries drive business. The next Revolution is ” Intelligent Knowledge “ Commerce. The quest for Knowledge should go on till you satisfied to meet your needs.

By combining a group of  “Knowledge Minds “ create Better Knowledge, which in turn creates “ Super knowledge “ to move the things. The Future of survival is to create services and solutions where “ Individual Knowledge “ will be transacted just like money transaction in the banks to serve others requirement. In Turn “ Knowledge and Intelligence  “ Bartering model will be created such that people will use this one of the services for their survival and growth through this model.

As part of this the “ The Intelligent Internet “ will play a major role where in the best of the “ Proven Information “, which meets users requirement will reach every user automatically. This will depend on the each users priority, requirements. As Part of this Intelligent Infrastructure  “ Global Intelligent Knowledge Information bank Portals “ will be created to serve the individual user custom requirements. In today’s individual’s quest for Knowledge, co-operation of Individuals Knowledge is necessary. For example a person who got Knowledge or Information looks for people who are looking for similar Information and Knowledge to provide services, which in turns generate money for his survival.

Layer 1  Business or application  model :

As part of this  MM services and solutions companies should role out Intelligent Knowledge  Infrastructure to provide  customized  end to end services . These services should be offered on requirement bases . Based on usage of  process or services the customer will pay the bill. This is should be offered as commodity. We must provide collaboration management services .Depending upon the requirements the customized services from all business process are integrated with this over all  architecture model to serve  customer.

Today world wide Resources, Ideas, Models are getting duplicated and we are under utilizing the resources, wasting them by not using them. By using the Next generation Net we must utilize these resources and pay the money for usage of resource. People can Bid this through Intelligent Knowledge exchange where people, Companies who want to offer their knowledge resources can list their knowledge resources.

The Telephone networks should be building as customized telco nets. Where in Knowledge info + EVOIP networks are over lapped as custom Tel’s. In Info world we created Groups and communities and search engines to connect people. Where in “ customtel “ all are build into one common point where in you can be or call will be connected or routed to meet your requirements. Like this we create different various customized / socialized MMS tele phone nets like Businesstel, I.T tel, Jobtel, Doctortel, As part of the socialized netwoks we can create a chain to reach “ n” number of  people.

As part of inter intelligent process net we must provide customized Bandwidth, intelligent Knowledge, Computer Process services, storage as commodity where the users pay on the basis of their usage. On demand the services providers and solutions providers should provide the services.

Today Companies are talking about multi billion dollars Business process out sourcing industry and their advantages. Beyond this is , Intelligent Knowledge business process and commerce .The future is to build IK & IKTEL Infrastructure super high ways not Information super high ways.

Layer 0 application  model :

Today the world is connected or controlled by Internet protocol and Transmission control protocol. But the future net should be connected or run by  “ HUMAN PROTOCOL ” AND “ HUMAN CONTROL PROTOCOL “ where Net thinks and acts according to users requirements. Here the like-minded  “ Knowledge packets “ and “ USER requirements packets “ move in the IIKP Net cloud. The best and highly rated knowledge or Intelligent Information which meets users needs and criteria reach the destination to close the transaction and gives results.  As EVOIP services  Voice  and Video is also delivered .

I am feeling we must re-position or think about Information technology (I.T) and Tele communications industry as “ Intelligent communication Technology “ or “ Knowledge communication Technology “ Industry. And all IT and Telecom companies must positioned as Intelligent Knowledge process and service companies.

It is not e-commerce or m-commerce drives the economies it is human knowledge commerce or h-commerce. The companies who controls and disseminates best knowledge’s, result oriented intelligent Business  process  will rule the world.

By  K.S. Raju

ksraju@humancommerce.com                                              Human commerce net Pvt. Ltd.

Date: July 03, 2004                                                                Hyderabad , India

previous : Ver: 4.0 B

INTER INTELLIGENT PROCESS NET :

Version 1.0 Created on  :  June 2002

Version  4.0a  Created between :  July 4 2004 to July  24 , 2004.

Review : Every time you share your  thoughts and your Mind  is Thinking.

Author and CVO: K.S.Raju

Patent and IP Registration: Under Process.

A DREAM IS A DREAM WHICH SHOULD NOT BECOME ANOTHER DREAM  “

Inter intelligent process net , H-Commerce or  intelligent Knowledge Commerce  model

This is my vision and idea to create the next generation network to serve people based on their requirements. I feel Business or Individual success; Survival and Struggle for Existence can be addressed as   ” Individual Knowledge business ” for Individual’s and ” Group of Knowledge business “ for corporate. This depends upon How Intelligently People  ” Commerce their Knowledge ”  with different types of Management strategies, Ideas, thoughts, Plans, Focuses etc.

Many Important things are happening world wide, the businesses are changing their strategies, their approach plans for sustainable and stable growth.. Now people are thinking about ” Collaborative Partners ” etc. Now the companies are Improving productivity and results by better Utilization of Internal Knowledge resources and Incorporating external Knowledge / Information resources of the companies who are in the same field. The key to success of the companies in next coming years, the better  “Domain Knowledge people ” in their operations. This will be the asset of the company. The company which controls Knowledge people will dominate and dictate the terms in the field. An Important statistics most of the companies took averagely 25 years to reach the ” GLOBAL 500 COMPANY ” club. This has almost become a benchmark. Then again the wealth created by these companies goes down and again goes up. This is part of the cycle. The key to success of global companies and Economy is the Individual Human talent / knowledge are respected and opportunities are provided to them to generate maximum productivity and results.

The key to success of any Enterprise is ” HUMAN INTELLIGENT KNOWLEDGE ” Technology collaboration network.  This will become success only When every one builds “INTELEGENT KNOWLEDGE TRUST NETWORKS” both internally and externally. The Knowledge gained our period to run the operations by various Knowledge people should be recorded such that, that can be reused even if the Knowledge people leave the organization.

A part from this , through collaboration of the people will also give Better, Best Ideas and approaches to incorporate in the operations.

There is lots of difference ” I” and ” WE” and ” UNIQUE” companies models.
Business is  ” Teams Knowledge + Information + Communication “.  Where in we Incorporate I.T and Technologies as one of the vehicles to drive the Business. The companies who have control on their customers Knowledge, Suppliers Knowledge, Market trends Knowledge and Competitors Knowledge and Best Ideas to promote their business goals will lead the market.

In  HCN’s  model concept  of  h-commerce , We make net to think and act  – Creating a next generation Internet works  vehicle to generate and communicate Intelligent Knowledge information based on Individual / Corporate requirements. This will address all issues to provide “ On requirements to  businesses  and individuals “.  

This is the next big thing the world must plan to role out .  It will take around 5 to 10 years for this type of Environment to serve the ” Global Communities ” around us. This is the key to create ” Knowledge Societies “, where in they will also involve in the cycle to make things happen at faster face. The lack of creation of new Inventions from India is due to lowest of production of Inventors or Researchers.

To day the Indian I.T companies are positioning and playing  roles as “ TECHNO LABAROR “ companies to provide services. This has to be changed. They must become “ TECHNO INVENTORERS & INTELEGENT “ Companies.

In a way Internet changed world of Business, Individual growth, Economies etc. Positioning as India as leading I.T services provider, I am a shamed to say we didn’t become first to create any new type killer solution that changes the world of commerce. With present global IT positioning and Ranking we are not in position to make the Global Giant Technology companies to develop products and change technology to meet Indian communities. This is the biggest difference between India and china.

Even though I was associating in the areas of Internet technologies and Internet polices for the last 10 years, my biggest failure is that I didn’t see Indian Internet, Indian Domain Authority rather than following ICAAN, India Commercial Internet Exchange, Indian Internet Engineering Task force etc. Now time has come for Indian Visionaries, Tech community, Inventors, to create the next Technology revolution to create h- commerce or K- commerce and next generation Net. We have seen various revolutions (Industrial, Mechanical, Electronics, I.T etc.) from various parts of the world. Our biggest Resources are Human Knowledge capital. With this resource we must create “ Knowledge Grid “ to serve the world.

The Global economical success of USA is, it produces largest number of Ph.D’s and Nobel Prize winners . Here the opportunities are created.  The Key to success of the company and growth is to Create ” Opportunity to every team member to excel ” and position the company as ” Opportunity company or knowledge company or self respected ” company. As is in process the partners (sales and Customers) and Investors will look into the company for their Involvement on the basis of trust, Contribution and Collaboration. This can be done by Human contacts through Collaboration Network between the targeted groups  in the over all process.

Today the companies must position themselves as  ” Customized solution, Product and service” OR   “ Intelligent Knowledge Process Service “ providers. Knowledge creates wealth. Wealth creates the Knowledge. This can be achieved by Trusted bonded network between the people who are involved in the in over all business cycle of any company or institution. This will also involve social -, economical, conditions and Policies dictated by the Governments and societies around, which are nothing but Individual human beings. The collaborative thinking and open individual thinking, Thinking commerce or Knowledge Commerce or h- commerce plays major roles.  Ethics, moralities , Egoism’s , Compliance’s , Best practices etc. also play a major role for success. We must stick to certain principles to use them ; such that they won’t lead to collapse or monopoly.

We are not Owners of our Knowledge, We are trustees of our knowledge which should be trusted by us / others and shared with trust. This makes us to move a head. The Key case study is nothing but the expansion of  ” Internet “ network worldwide. Now we have to think about  ” Inter Intelligent Knowledge process Net’s “ Internally, Externally, Locally, Globally to create better society.  Ideas and Thinking benefit society. Knowledge is beautiful and should be enjoyed with happiness.

We can’t predict ideas. When predicted it should be Collaborated.  This will lead to discoverers and discoveries. Where in Technologies drive discoveries. Discoveries drive business. The next Revolution is ” Intelligent Knowledge “ Commerce. The quest for Knowledge should go on till you satisfied to meet your needs.

By combining a group of  “Knowledge Minds “ create Better Knowledge, which in turn creates “ Super knowledge “ to move the things. The Future of survival is to create services and solutions where “ Individual Knowledge “ will be transacted just like money transaction in the banks to serve others requirement. In Turn “ Knowledge and Intelligence  “ Bartering model will be created such that people will use this one of the services for their survival and growth through this model.

As part of this the “ The Intelligent Internet “ will play a major role where in the best of the “ Proven Information “, which meets users requirement will reach every user automatically. This will depend on the each users priority, requirements. As Part of this Intelligent Infrastructure  “ Global Intelligent Knowledge Information bank Portals “ will be created to serve the individual user custom requirements. In today’s individual’s quest for Knowledge, co-operation of Individuals Knowledge is necessary. For example a person who got Knowledge or Information looks for people who are looking for similar Information and Knowledge to provide services, which in turns generate money for his survival. Today we have to create a system and solution where in this can achieved. Information and Knowledge should become one of the system / commodity for growth and success to meet each and every persons dreams, Greed, quest to become  rich, success.

Today world wide Resources, Ideas, Models are getting duplicated and we are under utilizing the resources, wasting them by not using them. By using the Next generation Net we must utilize these resources and pay the money for usage of resource. People can Bid this through Intelligent Knowledge exchange where people, Companies who want to offer their knowledge resources can list their knowledge resources.

The Telephone networks should be building as customized telco nets. Where in Knowledge info + EVOIP networks are over lapped as custom Tel’s. In Info world we created Groups and communities and search engines to connect people. Where in “ customtel “ all are build into one common point where in you can be or call will be connected or routed to meet your requirements. Like this we create different various customized / socialized MMS tele phone nets like Businesstel, I.T tel, Jobtel, Doctortel, As part of the socialized netwoks we can create a chain to reach “ n” number of  people.

As part of inter intelligent process net we must provide customized Bandwidth, intelligent Knowledge, Computer Process services, storage as commodity where the users pay on the basis of their usage. On demand the services providers and solutions providers should provide the services.

Today Companies are talking about multi billion dollars Business process out sourcing industry and their advantages. Beyond this is , Intelligent Knowledge business process and commerce .The future is to build IK & IKTEL Infrastructure super high ways not Information super high ways.

I am feeling we must re-position or think about Information technology (I.T) industry as “ Intelligent Technology “ or “ Knowledge Technology “ Industry.  And all IT companies must positioned as Intelligent Knowledge process and service companies. Today the world is connected or controlled by Internet protocol and Transmission control protocol. But the future net should be connected or run by  “ HUMAN PROTOCOL ” AND “ HUMAN CONTROL PROTOCOL “ where Net thinks and acts according to users requirements. Here the like-minded  “ Knowledge packets “ and “ USER requirements packets “ move in the IIKP Net cloud.   The best and highly rated knowledge or Intelligent Information which meets users needs and criteria reach the destination to close the transaction and gives results. It is not e-commerce or m-commerce drives the economies it is human knowledge commerce or h-commerce. The companies who controls and disseminates best knowledge’s, result oriented intelligent process or Knowledge people will rule the world.

By  K.S. Raju

Date: 4th July 2004

Ver: 4.0

“ Champions aren’t made in gyms, champions are made from something they have deep inside them; A desire, a dream, a vision. They have to have last –minute stamina, they have to be a little faster, and they have to have the skill and the will. But the WILL must be stronger than the SKILL   “ – Muhammad Ali . (The legendary BOXER).

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————

INTETINTELEGENT PROCESS NET – 2002

First, I want to Congratulate you and your magazine for the services and contributions in the area of KM .  Knowledge management Should lead to create a New  Intelligent Knowledge technology or Environment where in like minded knowledge Brains and Similar Ideas should able link together and collaborate with each other to generate desired results and give path to survival of human beings and Business world wide.  In order to do this , We should  should create a  ” Human Knowledge Grid Network  ” or ” Inter Intelligent Knowledge Process Net    ( The Era of ” INTERNET ”  is over . It is old . Now we must think  about  creating the 2nd era of  Young Internet which is IIKPNET  ) Where in net thinks for the people, Links like minded people to do commerce,( h-commerce )  to serve their needs .The dot com crash or Word wide IT melt down is not only due to Hype or  Cheating but  also due to the Junk Information or  junk commerce placed or taken place on the Net . Lately this  made people to realize that it not Information super high way but Junk Information Super High way.

As part of the next generation services the services providers should provide  Band width , Knowledge , intelligence  and process as services.

Today resources are getting wasted ,  Knowledge is getting wasted ,  Time is getting is wasted by  duplication of work  world wide to meet same goals,  to Implement same Ideas ,  to provide same solutions or services etc. This should be avoided by creating new  IIKPNet and  ” Global Intelligent Knowledge Information Bank ” or ” Intelligent Knowledge Portals ” to serve the needs. Through this Bank ,  the Knowledge and Proven / Implemented Information  will be transacted between the people to create wealth or make them survive to meet their dreams and requirements.

This is the future where KM should play role and utilized . In present scenario it is  becoming another  Hipe word or rubbed on the people . It Should not become  ” OLD WINE IN NEW BOTTLE ” .

Regards
Raju K.S

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

KM PAPER  – Knowledge Commerce  – 2004

I feel Survival and Struggle for Existence can be addressed as   ” Individual Knowledge business ” for Individual’s  and ” Group of  Knowledge business”   for corporate. This depends upon How Intelligently People  ” Commerce their Knowledge ” by different type of  Management’s , Ideas , Thoughts, strategies, Actions.

The most Important things happening world wide  , the businesses are Changing their strategies and their approach plans  for Survival and sustainable growth . Now people are talking about ” Collaborative Partners ” etc. Now the companies are Improving productivity and results  by better Utilization of  Internal Knowledge resources and In corporating external  Knowledge / Information resources of the companies who are in the same field. The key to success of the companies in next coming years , the better “Domain Knowledge people ” in their operations. this will be the assets of the company. The company who control Knowledge people will  dominate and dictate the terms in the field. An  Important statistics most of the companies took averagely 25 years to reach the ” GLOBAL 500 COMPANY ” club . This is almost become a bench mark. Then again the wealth created by this companies goes down and again goes up. This is part of the cycle. The key to success of American companies and Economy is the Individual Human talent’s / knowledge  are respected and opportunities are provided to them to generate maximum out put and results .  The key to success of  any Enterprise is ” HUMAN INTELLIGENT KNOWLEDGE ” Technology collaboration net work  .  This will be become success only When every one builds ” TRUST NETWORKS” both internally and externally . The Knowledge gained our period  to run the operations by various Knowledge people should be recorded such that , that can be reused even if the Knowledge people leaves the organization. A part from this through collaboration of the people will also gives Better, Best  Ideas and approaches to incorporate in the operations . There is lots of difference ” I” and ” WE” and ” UNIQUE” companies models.

Business is  ” Teams Knowledge + Information + Communication “.  Where in we Incorporate I.T and Technologies as one of the vehicles to drive the Business. The companies who have control  on their customers Knowledge , Suppliers Knowledge , Market trends Knowledge and Competitors Knowledge and  Best Ideas to promote their business goals will lead the market .  MY/HCN’s  model concept   of  h-commerce ,  We make net to think and act  –  Creating a next generation Internet  vehicle to generate and communicate Intelligent  Knowledge  information based on Individual’s / Corporate requirements will address so many issues.  This is the next big thing the world will look into model . It will take around 5 to 10 years for this type of  Environment to serve the ” Society’s ” around us . This is the key to create ” Knowledge Societies ” , where in they will also involve in the cycle to make things happen at faster face.  The lack of creation of  new Inventions from India is due lowest of production of Ph.D’s . The Global economical success of  USA is , It produces largest number of  Ph.D’s and Nobel Literate . Here the opportunities are created .  The Key to success of the company  and growth is to Create ” Opportunity to every team member to excel ” and position the company as ” Opportunity company or knowledge company or self respected ” company . As is in process the partners ( sales and Customers )  and Investors will look into the company for their Involvement on the bases of trust , Contribution and Collaboration . This can be done by Human contacts through Collaboration Network between the targeted groups in the over all process.

Today the companies must position themselves as  ” Customized solution, Product and service” providers. Knowledge creates wealth . Wealth creates the Knowledge . This can be achieved by Trusted bonded network  between the people who are involved in the in over all business cycle of any company or institution . This will also Involve socio , economical , conditions and polices dictated by the Governments and society’s around, who are nothing but  Individual human beings . The collaborative thinking and open individual thinking , Thinking commerce play major roles.  Ethics , moralities and Egoism’s also play a major roles for success. We must stick to certain principals to use them , such that they won’t lead do collapse.

We are not Owners of our Knowledge , We are trustees of our knowledge which should be trusted by us / others and  shared with trust . This makes us to move a head . The Key case study is nothing but the expansion of  ” Internet ”  net work world wide . Now we have to think about  ” Intelligent  Knowledge commerce Net’s ”  Internally , Externally , Locally , Globally to create better society .  Ideas and Thinking benefit society . Knowledge is beautiful and should be enjoyed with happiness . We can’t predict ideas . When predicted it should be Collaborated .  This will leads to discoverers and discoveries . Where in Technologies drives discoveries . Discoveries drives business . The next  Revolution  is ” Intelligent Knowledge ”  Commerce.
The quest for Knowledge to Should go on till you satisfied to meet your needs.

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————

2003 PAPER

Knowledge Commerce and Inter intelligent process net

This is my third paper i am planning to publish this to address all types of  Organizations to address their needs. I feel Survival and Struggle for Existence can be addressed as   ” Individual Knowledge business ” for Individual’s  and ” Group of  Knowledge business”   for corporate. This depends upon How Intelligently People  ” Commerce their Knowledge ” by different type of  Management’s , Ideas , Thoughts, strategies, Actions.

The most Important things happening world wide  , the businesses are Changing their strategies and their approach plans  for Survival and sustainable growth . Now people are lking about ” Collaborative Partners ” etc. Now the companies are Improving productivity and results  by better Utilization of  Internal Knowledge resources and Incorporating external  Knowledge / Information resources of the companies who are in the same field. The key to success of the companies in next coming years , the better “Domain Knowledge people ” in their operations. this will be the assets of the company. The company who control Knowledge people will  dominate and dictate the terms in the field. An  Important statistics most of the companies took averagely 25 years to reach the ” GLOBAL 500 COMPANY ” club . This is almost become a bench mark. Then again the wealth created by this companies goes down and again goes up. This is part of the cycle. The key to success of American companies and Economy is the Individual Human talent’s / knowledge  are respected and opportunities are provided to them to generate maximum out put and results .  The key to success of  any Enterprise is ” HUMAN INTELLIGENT KNOWLEDGE ” Technology collaboration net work  .  This will be become success only When every one builds ” TRUST NETWORKS” both internally and externally . The Knowledge gained our period  to run the operations by various Knowledge people should be recorded such that , that can be reused even if the Knowledge people leaves the organization. A part from this through collaboration of the people will also gives Better, Best  Ideas and approaches to incorporate in the operations . There is lots of difference ” I” and ” WE” and ” UNIQUE” companies models.

Business is  ” Teams Knowledge + Information + Communication “.  Where in we Incorporate I.T and Technologies as one of the vehicles to drive the Business. The companies who have control  on their customers Knowledge , Suppliers Knowledge , Market trends Knowledge and Competitors Knowledge and  Best Ideas to promote their business goals will lead the market .  MY/HCN’s  model concept   of  h-commerce ,  We make net to think and act  –  Creating a next generation Internet  vehicle to generate and communicate Intelligent  Knowledge  information based on Individual’s / Corporate requirements will address so many issues.  This is the next big thing the world will look into model . It will take around 5 to 10 years for this type of  Environment to serve the ” Society’s ” around us . This is the key to create ” Knowledge Societies ” , where in they will also involve in the cycle to make things happen at faster face.  The lack of creation of  new Inventions from India is due lowest of production of Ph.D’s . The Global economical success of  USA is , It produces largest number of  Ph.D’s and Nobel Literate . Here the opportunities are created .  The Key to success of the company  and growth is to Create ” Opportunity to every team member to excel ” and position the company as ” Opportunity company or knowledge company or self respected ” company . As is in process the partners ( sales and Customers )  and Investors will look into the company for their Involvement on the bases of trust , Contribution and Collaboration . This can be done by Human contacts through Collaboration Network between the targeted groups in the over all process.

Today the companies must position themselves as  ” Customized solution, Product and service” providers. Knowledge creates wealth . Wealth creates the Knowledge . This can be achieved by Trusted bonded network  between the people who are involved in the in over all business cycle of any company or institution . This will also Involve  sociao- , economical , conditions and polices dictated by the Governments and society’s around, who are nothing but  Individual human beings . The collaborative thinking and open individual thinking , Thinking commerce play major roles.  Ethics , moralities and Egoism’s also play a major roles for success. We must stick to certain principals to use them , such that they won’t lead do collapse.

We are not Owners of our Knowledge , We are trustees of our knowledge which should be trusted by us / others and  shared with trust . This makes us to move a head . The Key case study is nothing but the expansion of  ” Internet ”  net work world wide . Now we have to think about  ” Intelligent  Knowledge commerce Net’s ”  Internally , Externally , Locally , Globally to create better society .  Ideas and Thinking benefit society . Knowledge is beautiful and should be enjoyed with happiness . We can’t predict ideas . When predicted it should be Collaborated .  This will leads to discoverers and discoveries . Where in Technologies drives discoveries . Discoveries drives business . The next  Revolution  is ” Intelligent Knowledge ”  Commerce. The quest for Knowledge to Should go on till you satisfied to meet your needs.

By combining a group of  “Knowledge Minds “ create  Better Knowledge , which in turn creates “ Super knowledge “ to move the things. The Future of survival is to create services and solutions where “ Individual Knowledge “ will be transacted just like money transaction in the banks to serve others requirement. In Turn “ Knowledge and Intelligence  “ Bartering model will be created such that people will use this one of the services  for their survival and growth through this model. As part of this the “ The Intelligent Internet “ will play a major role where in the best of the “ Proven Information “  , which meets users requirement will reach every user automatically . This will depend on the each users priorities , requirements. As Part of this Intelligent  Infrastructure     “ Global Intelligent Knowledge Information bank Portals “ will be created to serve the individual user custom requirements. In today’s individual’s quest for Knowledge, co-operation of Individuals Knowledge is necessary. For example a person who got Knowledge or Information looks for people who is looking for similar Information and Knowledge to provide services which in turns generate money for his survival. Today we have to create a system and solution where in this can achieved . Information and Knowledge should become  one of the system / commodity for growth and success to meet each and every persons dreams, Greed , quest to become to rich , success.

As part of inter intelligent process net we must provide customized  Bandwidth , intelligent Knowledge , Process services to users to meet their requirements.

By  K.S. Raju

Date : 15/06/2003.

Ver : 1.0

“ The Dream and Vision Path of every body will be smooth if you are ready to sacrifice with open, clean mind and thoughts “   –   Raju K.S  

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GLOBAL INFORMATION BANK – BETWEEN 2001 – 2005

Global Info Bank Net :   GLOBAL COMMUNITY INFO BANK NET – ” hCommerce ® ” 

In order to meet common mans requirement for survival and to create ” Global Distributed Knowledge for Everyone ” we must build ” GLOBAL COMMUNITY INFO BANK NET ” to do hcommerce® or Human commerce worldwide. We must introduce this new concept in each country to meet local people’s requirement. If you look into reality most of the developing and developed countries are not able to provide proper Telecommunications Infrastructure, Information exposure, Knowledge education, and communication services to meet ordinary persons requirement for their survival.

I feel this is mainly due to Govt. Polices, lack of awareness of importance of latest Information Technologies in common people, lack of education, financial constraints etc.

We must go far beyond this. We must not work only to promote value added Internet Services, Technologies,to end-users. We must create an environment / community domain to offer Distribution knowledge services, technical man power, software, hardware, networking equipment, consulting services, education services, financing etc. which will take every thing to meet user requirements and help them to use their hidden resources / Information properly for their survival in any form. This will become ” single contact connected human bank ” where the people with in the same community can share / offer their resources to fellow community members to do h-commerce. As part of this Network we must create ” Knowledge / Information Banks ” world wide .

This will provide Use full Information / Implemented information around the world  ” to serve common man requirements. This knowledge Bank will service / Promote individual Knowledge / information to other fellow communities / human beings around this world. This will operate similar to present banking system. Here we commerce (hcommerce) individual users knowledge rather than money.

This will give right path to world human communities to share 1.5 trillion dollars earnings / requirements (based On UNDP per capta earnings of entire world population).

Case Example:

For example if a small company or Individual or community want to computerize its operations he may have to invest a lot of money to procure Computers, application Software, database software, UPS, Internet connections etc.

This is very high for each individual to Invest according to any common man standards. At the same time he can use or get exposed to limited software only, customers of this type can’t migrate immediately to latest technologies. In a business complex or commercial Business area, individual residential flats we can see hundreds of similar customers or users.

For this type of people we must built different type of Information Networks. We must install a server with all types of software in each commercial complex, Apartments, community centers etc. Each individual User will be given a Node, Hard Disk space, access rights, security rights, value added services according to customers requirements. Service providers must take care of maintaining entire Network, training and exposure to latest Technologies.

We must give opportunity for the same people who are members of these community nets to become real Hard-core professionals to offer their services to fellow community. For example we can use services of Software Development programmers to take up Software development activities world wide to develop Knowledge software tools to serve communities.

If we connect all these type networks worldwide it will become true ” Global Distributed Knowledge network for everyone ”

As in process Financial Institutes must arrange funds / loans to these customers to join this Network. Just like Housing Finance/Car Financing, we must introduce these services. By using this concept the communities will grow on their own and serve / use fellow communities information for their day to day survival.

As part of this must also plan in building ‘INFORMATION / KNOWLEDGE BANKS’ which will work just like present Banking system. As part of these services we must promote users to promote their Knowledge services/activities on Net to get extra earnings. We also implement user resources/Information/customers promotion exchange programmers.

In order to built this type of Global Community Info banks  to promote hcommerce® their should be Non – profitable GLOBAL COMMUNITY INFO GATTHERING ORGANISATION (ex.WORLD BANK ) which will collect top rated Information which is getting duplicated / developed world wide in all countries in the form of web contents buy spending Billions of dollars to provide Information to users. These Information must meet all common mans requirement for their survival. This  ” GCIG.ORG ” must set up INFORMATION SERVERS or INFO BANKS IN each country, which will be updated frequently by world wide information sources to meet communities’ requirements.

As it required lots infrastructure and Monies to build fiber optic networks in third world countries like us to connect remote villages we must deploy Information Satellites to update information banks at regular intervals.

If you look into Internet History it was grown/hyped/promoted on following

First phase   :-       Infrastructure Building.

Second Phase  :-   WEB Hosting / Advertisement, online services etc.

Third Phase   :-      Community Building – Hot mail, yahoo ,Lycos, etc.

Fourth Phase  :-    Human Resources / services / QOS – extranet, Data center Etc.

Fifth Phase   :-       E-commerce, Security etc.

Sixth Phase   :-      Global free Internet Phone services / Video services etc.

Seventh Phase :-   Personalized services / Individual requirements / Culture

Based Services, Individuals security for survival.

Eighth phase:-

H-commerce® : based on customers/users requirement. Information will reach automatically from any part of the world based on Users decision  / behavior / requirement /satisfaction/pricing/quality/ service/warranty etc.

Today world requires eight-phase knowledge network to move head and safe guard Common man survival. Clear example to this we must promote Artisans, farmers, Professionals, Housewives, small scale Industrialists etc. dedicated community / profession networks to explore their hidden knowledge /Skills around the world. I want to Know how many people all over the world able to contact directly handicraft artisans, \farmers, Aurivedic, Homeo, nature cure etc experts.

http://www.carryonindia.net   ( Stockholm Award Participant ). We are in process of linking this with 200 colleges all over A.P ,  to act as  knowledge excellency centers. It is One of the first Collaboration and work flow management ASP service in SAARC regions .

2nd Concept :  Submitted to world bank paper on Digital Divide .

Digital Divide :

Title of Unesco Discussion Paper:

=========================

“Access to networks and services” with particular emphasis on the role of public authorities and the situation of developing countries.”

**Main Challenges

===============

* Can you identify specific issues related to extending the universal access that ensure information resources are available to all at an affordable prices?

Ans ) To achieve this there should a global community collaboration network. This network should be equipped with  ” Global Information Banks ” to provide required resources / information / customized services to people for  their survival. This will help to utilize resources properly rather that duplication world wide. This will indirectly help to save millions of Dollars.

* From your regional perspective, what do you think are the key issues facing the development of strong regional internet backbones and peering arrangements?

Ans ) In Indian perspective the main problem is Lack Of Infrastructure and Resources to build these backbones. The policy makers like politicians , civil servents don’t have proper vision and goal to make this region to reach global standards .

The polices are  framed according  to  their requirements  not  for common consumers / human beings.

As peering agreements are dictated by main stream ISP’s  ( from US ) a common guide line to should be evolved to meet  Developing  countries requirements .

* What should be identified as the key issues facing developing countries in the assignment of domain names and IP numbers?

Ans ) This mainly due to the lack of  local domain registrars who have knowledge about the local issues and market conditions .

* What are the most important economic obstacles to access to information –

(telecommunication tariffs, Internet access fees, taxes and duties, etc.)?

Ans) Telecommunication tariffs and Band width prices

* How can public authorities balance commercial interests with their civic and moral obligations to promote equitable access?

Ans ) They never think about this issue . Eg. We have so many  policies

Telecom policy , Broadcasting  policy , ISP policy , Cable policy , IT policy  etc. .

The  polices are written on papers for announcements not for  implementation to meet consumer requirements. In order  to achieve this we must educate Public authorities about importance of equitable access to both  Communications and Information.

* Can you assist in identifying financial mechanisms that can be put

into place to ensure universal access to information (cross subsidies,

preferential taxation, etc.).

Ans )

To achieve this, there should be a uniform access plan world wide . As a start up all countries should be connected with common peering polices , exchange polices , International connectivity polices and tariffs. In order to  ensure universal access to Information Separate Individual organization  called ” UNITED GLOBAL ACCES INFORMATION BANK ” should be formed in all countries. This organization should function according to local conditions and should safe guard and promote Intellectual properties of people .

* Should telecommunication regulatory and tariff policies be extended to cover Internet access? What specific  political, ethical, social and cultural criteria should be used in the formulation of such policies?

ans ) It should not extended to Internet access. Information access and dissemination should become fundamental right of every human being in this world .

* Could Internet taxation be a viable and useful approach to improve

universal access? Should the concept of “e-rates” (preferential tariffs

for educational and cultural institutions) be standardized and generalized?

Ans ) Taxation will hamper to improve universal access.

**Suggested Solutions to Meet These Challenges:

==================================

What are specific actions that UNESCO should undertake to facilitate broader and fairer access to information in the electronic public domain?

Ans ) Create a new world body ” UNITED NATIONS  INFOCOMM COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION ” to represent all world countries. This body should become mouth piece to provide universal access and information to common persons.

How do regions (developing countries in particular) overcome specific economic obstacles to access and the “right to communicate”?

ans ) The economic obstacles can be wiped out once the words ” Developed countries and Developing countries ” are destroyed from the minds of people and policy makers of this world who trying to dictate terms for their survival.

What should be done to develop solutions to ensure universal access? Key arenas to consider offering solutions are in?…..

**  COLLABORATION  among public, private , civil society , and     political partners.

**  FREE education

**  Remove corruption

**  Remove poverty

As long as we fail to create a system to  provide  or  make  people to get ” food , clothes , shelter ”  we can’t move single inch . The creator is the destroyer.

*  communication facilities education?

*  science and culture?

*  co-operation among public, private and civil society partners?

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary

safety deserve neither liberty nor safety. Ben Franklin, ~1784

A dream is dream which should not become another dream – K.S. Raju – 2000.

In these Interesting times Sill we have to do some many things to make active and make life  self  sufficiency  for survival – K.S.Raju, 2001 .>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Knowledge h-Internet   : 

 As major Technological Revolution and Invention in modern history the 8th phase Internet should be evolved. The present Internet Infrastructure , Protocols , DNS system is mostly build based on the American system. The new Information and Knowledge communication system must be build according to requirements of Individual countries requirements for their socio- economical  survival  . To meet India requirements we must have our own DNS system based on  DNS Switch ( Server model) with intelligent embedded naming system to make the information packets flow between the people .

Seventh phase :-   Personalized services / Individual requirements / Culture Based Services, Individuals security for survival.

 Eighth phase:-   H-commerce® : based on customers/users requirement. Information will reach automatically from any part of the world based on Users decision  / behavior / requirement /satisfaction/pricing/quality/ service/warranty etc.

Every Human being will build his won survival life cycle to meet his Achievements goals , dreams and Paths to become icon in the modern society / History..  One day there should be a system which connects with common life cycles of individuals all over the world .

“ The Journey for the Knowledge quest and individual satisfaction should go on……………………………………..

                                                                                                                   K.S.Raju .”

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ISP EDUCATION PROGRAM –  2001

ISP ENGINEERING ACADAMEY  – with ISOC , Internet Technology providers and invetors

Over View :

 Training the practical Way to build real Net works :

HCNL considers there to be  two fundamental equalizers in life today – the Internet and education. HCNL is dedicated to working with educational institutions / communities around the India to eliminate the barriers of time, distance, and socioeconomic status that  prevent many individuals from gaining access to educational opportunities. The Internet will truly change the way we  work, live, play, and learn.

ISP Engineering program centers on teaching students to design, build, and maintain computer networks. But the significance goes well beyond the central lesson plan. Using Web technologies, the program prepares students for the 21st century workplace and simultaneously serves as a valuable model for successful e-learning . The students learned form this program can serve world wide Internet / Data communication / Enterprise  services Industry .

The Students were thought on

1)     Internet Access Technologies

2)     Internet Back bone Technologies

3)     Web Technologies .

4)     Net work Management Technologies .

This program was getting Introduced first time in India to meet global net working industry requirements .

The alliances with world leaders, help us provide our students latest course ware, extensive training program’s, state of the art videos, slides, CD’s detailed promotional literature, ad campaigns, projects, software development, international products, placements, web business and much, much more.

 We see that all teaching management’s are standardized.  This is possible because, our training modules are top-notch, which have been designed by experienced trainers.  The teaching is a breeze with the latest Multimedia Interactive computer based Tutorials (CBT’s), audio visual presentations, printed reference material, internet access, reference books and CD’s, all with the latest equipment and software’s, with experienced faculty, so that the student learns and retains more from the course.  And that is the differentiating factor between a good institute and a mediocre one.

With this back ground HCNPL demonstrated the real way knowledge desimination to students, professionals, Trainers, policy makers, decision makers, carrier seekers in following areas

Network Technologies

Data Base Technologies

Multimedia Technologies

WEB Technologies

Knowledge Workflow Technologies

Telecom Management Services

ISP Engineering  Technologies.

Technology

 New technology being used:

 This is one field where technology is growing and changing faster today than ever before and how it plays out will absolutely influence the future of an individual, organization, society and the world at large.  It’s chaos out there, the diversities of technologies, the commercial motivation of rival companies, compounded by huge changes occurring within organizations, out souring and privatization of Government Utilities and services, the policies, trends and the staggering amount of information.

From the utter chaos out there we study the trends, rapidly adopt and radically innovate, to bring products and services which are consistent and of international standards.

Standards being adopted:

 We do not endorse or go by the brand names, as they restrict our vision and growth.  We endorse International standards, the Internet Standards, on which now every product has to be built upon, to be competitive and survive in the market. Which means ease of use, wider market, open architecture, cross platform compatibility, worldwide connectivity and user friendliness. To this end HCNPL endorse open system standards and International standards envisaged by IEEE, The International Standards Organisation, IETF,  ISTF , IDTF,  ITU ,  MINC , Inter NIC, APNIC etc., The Company is an active member of Internet Society ISOC.

We are the only company India to promote E-infrastructure and Knowledge Workflow technologies which are Used and Deployed by leading Top Global 1500 companies world wide .

Manpower in India :  2000 predictions

The main growth of I.T industry is directly links to software professionals, Net work Specialists  and IT managers. From past 10 years the number of software professionals in India is climbing from 6800 in 1985 , 56,000 in 1990 , 1,18,000 in 1994-1995  to present 1,50 ,000   level . It is a tremendous increase of  20 times. By the year 2001, this   figure is expected   to     reach 800,000. The expectations are that every year there would be an increase of 50 % on the annual demand for software professionals to meet the requirement. To fill this gap training centers are required to teach computer related courses.

Education / Knowledge Creation  :

According to latest World Bank report the over all GDP growth of  the  individual countries all over the world depends upon Education i.e knowledge creation in the communities . This will constitute 35 % .

CISCO Local Academy Program :

There is global Requirement for 300000 Net working  Engineers world to meet global convergence net work market.  In order to make students self sufficient we are promoting this Educational program in all Engineering , MCA, Management , I.T  colleges. As Phase I program we already approached  more than 200 colleges to Implement this Program.

Knowledge I.T Training Franchises :

We are also  promoting E-infrastructure , knowledge work flow , Smart Card , TQ, Networking , ISP Engineering  Training Academies through franchises to serve students, communities , professionals . Through this program we want to students to become self sufficient and use their knowledge for survival .

Below are the objectives of each of the semesters

 Semester objectives

Semester   1

Identify and describe the functions of each of the seven layers of the OSI   reference model

Describe data link and network address and identify key differences between them.

Define and describe the function of a MACaddress

List the key Internet working functions of the OSI network layer

Identify atleast three reasons why the industry uses a layered model

Describe the two parts network addressing then identify the parts in specific

Protocol address example

Identify the functions of each layer of the ISO/OSI reference model

Define and explain the five conversion steps of data encapsulation

Describe the different classes of IP address (and subletting)

Identify the functions of the TCP/IP network –layer protocol

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|Semester 2

  •  Examine router elements (RAM, ROM, CDP, show)
  •  Describe connection- oriented network service and connection less
  •   network service,
  •   And identify their key differences
  •   Define flow control and describe the three basic methods used in
  •   networking
  •   Identify the functions of the TCP/IP transport layer protocols
  •   Mange configuration files from the privileged exec mode
  •   Identify the functions performed by the ICMP
  •   Control router passwords, identification and banner
  •   Identify the main Cisco IOSTM software commands to router startup
  •   Check an initial configuration using the setup command
  •       Log in to a router in both user and privileged modes.
  •       Use the context-sensitive help facility.
  •       Use the command history and editing features.
  •        List the commands to load Cisco IOS software from: flash memory, a TFTP
  •                   Server, or ROM.
  •      Prepare to backup upgrade, and load a backup Cisco IOS software image.
  •      Identify the parts in specific protocol address examples.
  •                  List problems that each routing type encounters when dealing with topology
  •     Changes, and describe, techniques to reduce the number of these problems.
  •     Configure IP addresses.
  •     Verify IP addresses.
  •        Prepare the initial configuration of your router and enable IP.
  •        Add the RIP routing protocol to your configuration.
  •        Add the IGRP routing protocol to your configuration.
  •        Configure standard access lists to filter IP traffic.
  •        Monitor and verify selected access list operations on the router.
  •        Configure extended access lists to filter IP traffic.
  •        Monitor and verify selected access list operations on the router.­­­­_____________________________________________________________
  • |Semester 3
  •        List the required IPX address and encapsulation type.
  •       Configure IPX access lists and SAP filters to control basic. Novell traffic.
  •        Enable the Novell IPX protocol and configure interfaces.
  •        Monitor Novell IPX operation on the router.
  •        Describe the advantages of LAN segmentation.
  •        Describe LAN segmentation using bridges.
  •        Describe LAN segmentation using routers.
  •        Describe LAN segmentation using switches.
  •        Name and describe two switching methods.
  •        Describe full- and half-duplex Ethernet operation.
  •        Describe network congestion problem in Ethernet networks.
  •        Describe the benefits of network segmentation with bridges
  •        Describe the benefits of network segmentation with routers.
  •        Describe the benefits of network segmentation with switches.
  •        Describe the features and benefits of fast Ethernet.
  •        Describe the guidelines and distance limitations of fast Ethernet.
  •        Distinguish between cut-through and store-and-forward LAN switching.
  •        Describe the operation of the spanning tree protocol and its benefits.
  •        Describe the benefits of virtual LANs. ________________________________________________________________________|
  • Semester 4
  •        Differentiate between the following WAN services LAPB, Frame Relay
  •         ISDN/LAPD.HOLCPPP, and DDR.
  •        Recognize key frame Relay terms and features.
  •        List commands to configure Frame Relay LMIs, maps and sub interfaces.
  •        List commands to configure frame Relay operation in the router.
  •        Identify PPP operations to encapsulate WAN data on Cisco routers.
  •       State a relevant use and context for ISDN networking.
  •        Identify ISDN protocols, function groups, reference points and channels.
  •        Describe Cisco’s implementation of ISDN

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