The sinduism , Indusim , Hinduism are ancient  rules , regulations , religions of  most modern civilized people who never invaded any other country or forced religion conversation with force and killings  History is answer to this.  Buddhism also was born from Hinduism to serve 5th sect. The sects where created based on skills and requirements of modern civilization or groups for survival.  The people or human beings not religions or sects etc This divided rule was created by criminals and power brokers from all areas to control people or other things for survival to become corrupt leaders  The real leaders where born to safe gaurd society and people around camps or human habitats .  It is struggle for existence and for Superiority of people in the system or society .

Veda’s are key rules, regulations, rituals, prayers etc. for human beings / living beings to survive

It is the key

force or supreme power created by  – GOD or TEACHER OR FAMILY HEAD

that is why always bow or pray for god ,guru and parents first

Vedas are written to serve people  around sindu river or Indus river where Indus civilization

 india 600 BC

 sindusim

 vedas

Map of northern India showing kingdoms in which the oldest Upanishads – the Brihadaranyaka and Chandogya were composed. River Indus is shown by its Sanskrit name Sindhu

Rig vedic
Aitareya

Yajur vedic
Brihadaranyaka · Isha
Taittiriya · Katha
Shvetashvatara

Sama vedic
Chandogya · Kena

Atharva vedic
Mundaka · Mandukya
Prashna

The Vedanga ( vedāṅga, “limbs of the Veda”) are six auxiliary disciplines traditionally associated with the study and understanding of the Vedas.

  1. Shiksha (śikṣā): phonetics, phonology and morphophonology (sandhi)
  2. Kalpa (kalpa): ritual
  3. Vyakarana (vyākaraṇa): grammar
  4. Nirukta (nirukta): etymology
  5. Chandas (chandas): meter
  6. Jyotisha (jyotiṣa): astronomy

Veda-Shakha-Upanishad association

Veda

Recension

Shakha

Principal Upanishad

Rig Veda Only one recension Shakala Aitareya
Sama Veda Only one recension Kauthuma Chāndogya
Jaiminiya Kena
Ranayaniya
Yajur Veda Krishna Yajur Veda Katha Kaṭha
Taittiriya Taittirīya and Śvetāśvatara
Maitrayani Maitrāyaṇi
Hiranyakeshi (Kapishthala)
Kathaka
Shukla Yajur Veda Vajasaneyi Madhyandina Isha and Bṛhadāraṇyaka
Kanva Shakha
Atharva Two recension Shaunaka Māṇḍūkya and Muṇḍaka
Paippalada Prashna Upanishad
Some of the Mahāvākyas (Great Sayings) from the Upanishads
Sanskrit quote English meaning Upanishad
Prajñānam brahma “Consciousness is Brahman” Aitareya Upanishad[39]
Aham brahmāsmi “I am Brahman” Brihadaranyaka[40]
Tat tvam asi “That Thou art” Chandogya[41]
Ayamātmā brahmā “This Atman is Brahman” Mandukya[42]

Dates proposed by scholars for the Vedic and/or Upanishadic era

Author

Start (BCE)

End (BCE)

Method employed

Tilak (Winternitz expresses agreement)

6000

200

Astronomical
B. V. Kameshwara Aiyar

2300

2000

Astronomical
Max Muller

1000

800

Linguistic
Ranade

1200

600

Linguistic, ideological development, etc.
Radhakrishnan

800

600

Ideological development

Dates and chronology of the Principal Upanishads

Deussen (1000 or 800 – 500 BCE)

Ranade (1200 – 600 BCE)

Radhakrishnan (800 – 600 BCE)

Ancient prose Upanishads: Brihadaranyaka, Chandogya, Taittiriya, Aitareya, Kaushitaki, Kena
Poetic Upanishads: Kena, Katha, Isa, Svetasvatara, Mundaka
Later prose: Prasna, Maitri, Mandukya
Group I: Brihadaranyaka, Chāndogya
Group II: Isa, Kena
Group III: Aitareya, Taittiriya, Kaushitaki
Group IV: Katha, Mundaka, Svetasvatara
Group V: Prasna, Mandukya, Maitrayani
Pre-Buddhist, prose: Aitareya, Kaushitaki, Taittiriya, Chāndogya, Brihadaranyaka, Kena
Transitional phase: Kena (1–3), Brihadaranyaka (IV 8–21), Katha, Mandukya
Elements of Samkhya and Yoga: Maitri, Svetasvatara

All Upanishads are associated with one of the four Vedas—Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda (there are two primary versions or Samhitas of the Yajurveda: Shukla Yajurveda, Krishna Yajurveda), and Atharvaveda.

The Muktikā Upanishad’s list of 108 Upanishads groups the first 10 as mukhya, 21 as Sāmānya Vedānta, 23 as Sannyāsa, nine as Shākta, 13 as Vaishnava, 14 as Shaiva and 17 as Yoga.[106] The 108 Upanishads as recorded in the Muktikā are shown in the table below.[107][108] The mukhya Upanishads are highlighted.

Veda-Upanishad association

Veda

Mukhya

Sāmānya

Sannyāsa

Śākta

Vaiṣṇava

Śaiva

Yoga

Ṛigveda Aitareya Kauśītāki, Ātmabodha, Mudgala Nirvāṇa Tripura, Saubhāgya, Bahvṛca Akṣamālika (Mālika) Nādabindu
Samaveda Chāndogya, Kena Vajrasūchi, Mahad, Sāvitrī Āruṇeya, Maitrāyaṇi, Maitreyi, Sannyāsa, Kuṇḍika Vāsudeva, Avyakta Rudrākṣa, Jābāla Yogachūḍāmaṇi, Darśana
Krishna Yajurveda Taittirīya, Śvetāśvatara, Kaṭha Sarvasāra, Śukarahasya, Skanda (Tripāḍvibhūṭi), Śārīraka, Ekākṣara, Akṣi, Prāṇāgnihotra Brahma, Śvetāśvatara, Garbha, Tejobindu, Avadhūta, Kaṭharudra, Varāha Sarasvatīrahasya Nārāyaṇa (Mahānārāyaṇa), Kali-Saṇṭāraṇa (Kali) Kaivalya, Kālāgnirudra, Dakṣiṇāmūrti, Rudrahṛdaya, Pañcabrahma Amṛtabindu, Amṛtanāda, Kṣurika, Dhyānabindu, Brahmavidyā, Yogatattva, Yogaśikhā, Yogakuṇḍalini
Shukla Yajurveda Bṛhadāraṇyaka, Īśa Subāla, Mantrikā, Nirālamba, Paiṅgala, Adhyātmā, Muktikā Jābāla, Paramahaṃsa, Advayatāraka, Bhikṣu, Turīyātīta, Yājñavalkya, Śāṭyāyani Tārasāra Haṃsa, Triśikhi, Maṇḍalabrāhmaṇa
Atharvaveda Muṇḍaka, Māṇḍūkya, Praśna Sūrya, Ātmā Parivrāt (Nāradaparivrājaka), Paramahaṃsaparivrājaka, Parabrahma Sītā, Annapūrṇa, Devī, Tripurātapani, Bhāvana Nṛsiṃhatāpanī, Mahānārāyaṇa (Tripādvibhuti), Rāmarahasya, Rāmatāpaṇi, Gopālatāpani, Kṛṣṇa, Hayagrīva, Dattātreya, Gāruḍa Śira, Atharvaśikha, Bṛhajjābāla, Śarabha, Bhasma, Gaṇapati Śāṇḍilya, Pāśupata, Mahāvākya
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