The modern Internet turned 30 years on 1st week of january. This post briefly compares the state of the Internet 30 years ago, with where it is today.
Earlier this week, 1 January to be precise, was the 30th anniversary of the formal adoption of the Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), which is widely held as the launchpad of the modern Internet. Most of us might not have been aware of the existence of the Internet 30 years ago, and more importantly, the fact that it would transform the world in that relatively short time. This post briefly highlights some of the changes that have occurred with the Internet between 1983 and today.
World Wide Web
Then: in 1983, the World Wide Web did not exist. Sir Tim Berners-Lee proposed in 1990 to use hypertext on the Internet, which was the foundation for other key protocols, which are still being applied today. Through his work, he developed critical elements of the World Wide Web, which broadened the scope and application of the Internet, allowing it to become mainstream. They included:
- the publishing language, HyperText Markup Language (HTML)
- the Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
- the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
Now: Where would we be without the World Wide Web? We use the abbreviation “www”, to signify Internet addresses on the World Wide Web, which is usually preceded by “http”. In summary, it has made the Internet more user-friendly, which in turn has made it easier to access information, and even to develop websites and share content.
Then: Email was successfully implemented in the early 70s, but would have had restricted availability among the population at large. It would be confined to discrete or connected networks, such as those used within governments, universities and large corporations, and would have had limited scope.
Now: Worldwide, email has become a critical channel of communication thanks in large part to its efficiency, speed of communication and cost effectiveness. Although many consumers might not own a computing device or subscribe to the Internet, they might still have and maintain email accounts, as there are a number of websites that offer free email service.
Furthermore, the widespread use of emails, particularly in business and for formal communication, has led countries to amend their legal rules to recognise electronic communications and transactions. Hence, depending on jurisdiction, emails are admissible as evidence in legal proceedings.
Then: Electronic commerce (e-commerce) as we know it today did not exist in 1983, although some of the foundational work had been completed by that time. Products would either be listed electronically, and separate arrangements would usually have to be made, such as calling via the telephone or faxing, to order the desired goods and to complete the purchase.
Now: Through the introduction of SSL (Secure Socket Layer) encryption protocol in 1994, which is widely used to provide a secure channel for electronic transactions, plus the growth of consumer-oriented companies establishing a presence online from around 1995, the global e-commerce market is estimated at USD 1.4 trillion in 2011 (Source: Cisco). E-commerce facilities and the online storefront have transformed and are continuing to have an impact on retail business. Increasingly, businesses are adopting models that allow them to reduce their physical space and overheads (especially for stores) by engaging consumers, and ultimately securing sales, through virtual stores only.
Then: Social media as we know it did not exist in 1983. However, early precursors to social media included user networks (usernets), bulletin board systems, and chat rooms, which were around from the 1970s, to Internet Relay Chat and Instant Messaging.
Now: The Web 2.0 protocols to support social media were developed in the late 1990s, and began to gain a foothold in the early-2000s. As it currently stands, social media encompasses a broad range of features and capabilities including:
- blogs, e.g. ICT Pulse
- micro-blogging, e.g. Twitter
- wikis, e.g. Wikipedia
- social networks, e.g. Facebook, LinkedIn
- podcasts, and
- photographs/images and video sharing platforms, e.g. Flickr, YouTube and Vimeo.
As at 2012, it has been estimated that there are approximately 1.5 billion social network users globally (Source: Search Engine Watch). In the United States in 2011, 65% of Internet users used social networking sites (Source: Pew Internet), whilst in the Caribbean, almost 50% of Internet users were Facebook subscribers, as at mid-2012 (Source: World Internet Stats).
Technology and capacity
Then: In 1983, the Internet that existed at the time would not necessarily have been built for speed. Those of us who had used dial-up Internet may remember connecting at speeds such as 14.4 or 28.8 Kbps, or even less. The data transmitted would have been relatively small, but it could still take a considerable amount of time (relatively speaking) to be successfully transmitted.
Now: Today, dial-up Internet has been phased out in many countries and the minimum accepted transmission speed across most of the Caribbean and in developed countries is 1 Mbps. Additionally, as the Internet has evolved, considerable volumes of data is being published online, or being made available via the Internet. In 2006, it was estimated that the data stored worldwide was 0.1 ZettaByte (1 ZB = 1 trillion GigaBytes). By 2011, the estimate had jumped to 5.3 ZettaByte, and by 2016, projections are that there will be 22 ZettaBytes of data (Source: Fortinet).
Then: The Internet initially existed as a relatively small network of networks, concentrated in the United States, which comprised government agencies, universities, and eventually large corporations. Although there might have been scope for Internet access and use to grow among organisations, it would have been unlikely that residential customers would be able to afford and have the technical expertise to manage Internet connectivity. More importantly, they might not have been to gain meaningful use of that medium, since at that time was not designed to be enjoyed by the average individual
Now: As at 30 June 2012, over 2.4 billion, or almost 35%, of the world’s population, are using the Internet. Although there are still technology and economic barriers to access, pricing, along with access to and the availability of the Internet has improved considerably over the last 20 years, and many countries are employing various initiatives to encourage take-up by their citizens. Furthermore, through the explosive growth in the number and size of the networks that now comprise the Internet, considerable redundant or secondary routes exist, which means that it is highly unlikely that the entire Internet can be shut down.
The companies,people behind, services,solutions, Applications to be remembered who are history but didn’t become billion dollar companies / people
BSDI, SCO UNIX ,NET SCAPE, BBNPLANET,USENET, CU -See-Me , LIST SERVE, RYZE , ASP – application service providers, Sun Micro systems, living stone , x -25, Zilog , silicon graphics, DEC , VAX , BLUE STONE, SITE SCAPE , NOVEL SERVER etc.
Future of Internet in next 20 years – ksraju
THE NET WILL THINK AND ACT BASED ON USERS REQUIREMENTS AND PEOPLE SURVIVAL
IT IS NOT TCP OR IP OR TCP/IP IT IS HUMAN PROTOCOL AND HUMAN CONTROL PROTOCOLS WILL CONNECT LIKE MINDED PEOPLE AND EXCHANGE INTELLIGENT KNOWLEDGE OF PEOPLE THOUGH INTER INTELLIGENT PROCESS NETS AND KNOWLEDGE BANKS RATHER THEN INTERNET.THE WORLD ECONOMIES WILL RUN BASED ON SELF SUSTAINABILITY AND KNOWLEDGE SHARING , BARTERING, COLLABORATION ETC. THE RESULTANT SAVINGS WILL BE DIFFERENCES OF VALUES OF INDIVIDUAL KNOWLEDGE, COMPANIES SERVICES AND SOLUTIONS WHERE ECONOMIES AND PEOPLE CAN GROW.
IT IS NOT SOCIAL NETWORKING IT IS LINK / LIKE MINDED AND JOINT FAMILY , FRIENDS, CONSULTANT, SCIENTISTS ,INTELLECTUALS , KNOWLEDGE ETC NETWORKING WHICH WILL RUN WORLD. – IT IS HUMAN KNOWLEDGE COMMERCE LOCALLY , REGIONALLY AND GLOBALLY.
THE WORLD SHOULD BE FLAT ONLY ONCE LOCAL PEOPLE AND REGIONAL PEOPLE ARE FLAT .
IT IS HUMAN KNOWLEDGE SURVIVAL NET IS BASED ON HUMAN BEINGS NOT BASED ON SUPER POWER , RACE POWER , RELIGION POWER , CASTE POWER ETC.
Postal law – 30 years back.
Perhaps his most famous legacy is from RFC 760, which includes a Robustness Principle which is often labeled Postel’s Law: “an implementation should be conservative in its sending behavior, and liberal in its receiving behavior” (reworded in RFC 1122 as “Be liberal in what you accept, and conservative in what you send”).
KSRAJU LAW -1996 – The packet and people connectivity , people thinking is reality.
WE MAKE NET TO THINK AND ACT. IT IS NOT TCP AND IP IT IS HUMAN CONTROL PROTOCOL AND HUMAN PROTOCOL . ONLY LIKE MINDED INTERNET PACKETS WILL CONNECT EACH OTHER . THE SENDING AND ACCEPTING IS BASED ON INTER INTELLIGENT KNOWLEDGE DISCIPLINE AND PROCESS NET.IT IS HUMAN SURVIVAL AND GROWTH..
THE KEY TO THIS INNOVATION – HUMAN KNOWLEDGE COMMERCE OR HUMAN COMMERCE BASED ON 50% BARTERING OF KNOWLEDGE AND 50% MONEY AS INSTRUMENT. – 1996. human knowledge grid is key for MANKIND to move a head to live happily.
History and Era of information technology and survival is over . Most of internet info / data on Web sites presented is becoming junk. There is no use having tera bytes of data which is not use full for people and the same data is duplicated again and again and same projects are getting funded . It is waste of money , resources , time etc.
Reduce . Recycle , Reuse and Rotten knowledge to Create new Innovation.
Knowledge Empowerment is Leader ship . leaders who can change world. Now What India Requires is new open Leaders ship.
Above information , It is knowledge and above this is Inter Intelligent process net.